U.S. Funding

$174.2 billion appropriated in supplemental funding for the U.S. Ukraine Response

Since the onset of Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, the U.S. Government has supported Ukraine and regional partners through a wide range of programs and authorities, most of which are administered by the DoD, State, or USAID.  In total, through supplemental appropriations, Congress has authorized approximately $174.2 billion making the U.S. the world’s largest donor to the Ukraine response.   This funding supports security assistance for NATO and other partner nations; support for an enhanced U.S. military presence and activity in Europe; and the replenishment of U.S. military stocks transferred to the Ukrainian Armed Forces.  The funding also supports security, budgetary, development, and humanitarian assistance to Ukraine and other countries affected by the war, support for the operations of U.S. Government agencies involved in the Ukraine response, and the independent oversight efforts of the Office of inspectors General of Department of Defense, Department of State, and USAID.

Of the $174.2 billion in supplemental appropriations, the DoD is responsible for approximately $110.7 billion.  DoD funding includes $31.8 billion for the Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative, and $39.3 billion for the replacement, through new procurement or repair of existing unserviceable equipment, of defense articles from the stocks of the DoD, and for reimbursement for defense services of the DoD and military education and training to Government of Ukraine or to foreign countries that have provided support to Ukraine at the request of the United States.

State and USAID received a combined $57.9 billion (in supplemental appropriations to support a variety of Ukraine response activities.  State funding supports the provision of equipment and training to civilian and military partners, economic support to the Ukrainian government, border security, conventional weapons destruction, diplomatic operations, and other forms of non-security assistance.  USAID funding supports humanitarian assistance, economic growth, agriculture, energy, critical infrastructure, governance (including anti-corruption efforts), health, and direct budget support to the Ukrainian government through the World Bank. USAID provides direct budget support to the Ukrainian government through three trust funds: the Multi-donor Trust Fund (MDTF), the Single Donor Trust Fund (SDTF), and Public Expenditures for Administrative Capacity Endurance (PEACE).  The direct budget funding supports salaries for healthcare workers, first responders, school employees, and assistance for pensioners and internally displaced persons. Within the $57.9 billion provided to State and USAID, USAID has provided $22.9 billion for direct budget assistance to the Ukrainian government and has obligated $2.1 billion for development assistance, and nearly $2 billion for humanitarian assistance in the first four supplemental appropriations laws. In the recent Ukraine Security Supplemental Appropriations Act of 2024, USAID received an additional $7.9 billion for the economic support fund; $1.6 billion for Assistance for Europe, Eurasia, and Central Asia, and $25 million for Transition Initiatives.

For additional explanation on funding read our reports to Congress, Special Inspector General Report to the United States Congress: Operation Atlantic Resolve including U.S. Government Activities Related to Ukraine.

Sources: Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2022, P.L. 117-103, Div. N; 3/15/2022; Additional Ukraine Supplemental, Appropriations Act, 2022, P.L. 117-128, 5/21/2022; Ukraine Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2023, P.L. 117-180, Div. B, 9/30/2022; Additional Ukraine Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2023, P.L. 117-328, Div. M, 12/29/2022; Ukraine Security Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2024, P.L. 118-50, Division B, Title I; and “Department of Defense Supplemental Funding for Ukraine: A Summary,” Congressional Research Service, April 29, 2024.

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